Info About Nigeria

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history.

Nigeria is situated on the west coast of Africa, lies on latitudes 4° north of the Equator and latitudes 3° and 14° on the east of the Greenwich Meridian. Shares boundaries with The Republics of Benin and Niger in the west, Cameroon in the East, Niger and Chad in the north and the Gulf of Guinea in the South.

Total: 923,768 sq km
Land: 910,768 sq km
Water: 13,000 sq km
Comparatively twice the size of California slightly
Land Boundaries of 4,047 km Border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km, 853 km Costline
Capital: Abuja
Population: About 137 Million People Consisting of 374 ethical groups with Hausa, Igbo Yoruba constituting the major languages
Official Language: English
National Day: October 1st
Currency: Naira=100 kobo
Time: GMT + 1Hour
Weights sand Measures: Metric

Political Structure:
Three-tier structure: A Federal Government, Federal Capital Territory and 774 Local Governments

Main Commercial / Industrial Cities:
Lagos, Kano, Onitsha, Ibadan, Aba, jos, Warri, Maiduguri, Oshogbo etc.

Natural Resources
Natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Major Industrial Complexes:
Refineries & Petrochemicals: Kaduna, Warri, Port Harcourt, Eleme, Eket.Iron and steel: Ajoakuta, Aladja, jos, Katsina,Osogbo. Machine Tools: Oshogbo Fertilizer: Onne Port Harcourt, Kaduna, Minna, Kano, etc Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG): Bonny Aluminum Smelting: Ikot Abasi Main Sea ports: Lagos - Apapa, Tin-Can Island, Warri, Port, Roro, Calabar, (EPZ).Main Airports: Lagos, Kano, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Ilorin, Jos, Owerri, Calabar and Yola Road Network: Over 15.000 km of inter-city paved roads, including dual carriage trunk Railways: Two main lines of south-west to North east and south East to North-west inter-linked and terminating at Lagos, Port-Harcourt, Maiduguri, Nguru, Jos; With major Junctions at Kaduna, Kafanchan and Zaria Length 3505Km Guage: 1067mm.Main Rivers: Niger and Benue and Numerous inland rivers.
Hydroelectric: Kainji, Jebba, Shiroro.
Thermal & Gas: Egbin, Ughelli, Afam and Sapele.
Coal: Oji River.

National Grid for distribution:
National Pipeline Network with regional deposit for Petroleum product distribution

Like most African countries, the climate is tropical with two main marked seasons. The dry season lasting from November to march with the dry dust-laden North-easterly winds blowing across the country. The rainy season is from April to October. During this period the moisture-laden south-westerly winds blow from the coast bringing in the rains. Rainfall decrease from about 1,5000mm in the south to about 500mm in the North. The temperature is generally high, ranging between 220C and 340C except the Jos Plateau, the Mambila Plateau and the Obudu Cattle Ranch Plateau were the temperature is relatively cooler all year round.

Oil was discovered in Nigeria in 1956 at Oloibiri in the Niger Delta after half a century of exploration. The discovery was made by Shell-BP, at the time the sole concessionaire. Nigeria joined the ranks of oil producers in 1958 when its first oil field came on stream producing 5,100 bpd. After 1960, exploration rights in onshore and offshore areas adjoining the Niger Delta were extended to other foreign companies. In 1965 the EA field was discovered by Shell in shallow water southeast of Warri.

In 1970, the end of the Biafran war coincided with the rise in the world oil price, and Nigeria was able to reap instant riches from its oil production. Nigeria joined the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 1971 and established the Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) in 1977; a state owned and controlled company which is a major player in both the upstream and downstream sectors.

Following the discovery of crude oil by Shell D'Arcy Petroleum, pioneer production began in 1958 from the company's oil field in Oloibiri in the Eastern Niger Delta. By the late sixties and early seventies, Nigeria had attained a production level of over 2 million barrels of crude oil a day. Although production figures dropped in the eighties due to economic slump, 2004 saw a total rejuvenation of oil production to a record level of 2.5 million barrels per day. Current development strategies are aimed at increasing production to 4million barrels per day by the year 2010.
Petroleum production and export play a dominant role in Nigeria's economy and account for about 90% of her gross earnings. This dominant role has pushed agriculture, the traditional mainstay of the economy, from the early fifties and sixties, to the background.

Alcon Nig Ltd

Head Office - Port Harcourt


Plot 17 Trans-Amadi Industrial Layout
Port Harcourt, Rivers State, NIGERIA.
Phone: +234 802 054 4960
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.